Chandra Shekhar Azad commonly known as Azad was a great freedom fighter of India. His vicious courage and patriotism served as an inspiration to the people of India for entering and generating the freedom for India. He is considered as one of the greatest revolutionaries which India has produced and he was the mentor of Bhagat Singh.
His early life and career
Chandra Shekhar Tiwari was born to Jagrani Devi and Sitaram Tiwari on 23rd of July, 1906 in Bhawra village in Alirajpur district in Madhya Pradesh. He had lived his childhood days in Bahbra, a village in the state of Madhya Pradesh.
His patriotism towards the nation
At the age of 15, being a student joined the Non –Cooperation Movement started by Gandhiji. He was arrested for numerous revolutionary activities and when he was produced before the magistrate, he gave his name as Azad (meaning free) and from that day onwards he was called as Azad. He was sentenced to fifteen lashes. He shouted “Bharat Mata Ki Jai” which means “Victory for Mother India” for each and every time he was whipped and beaten. Its then, he vowed saying, he will never be captured by the British and rather die as a free man. He will always remain in the hearts of true patriots of the nation.
His Revolutionary life
He became very aggressive from his early days and committed himself to complete independence through any means. He along with his countrymen will target British officials known for their cruel actions against ordinary people and freedom fighters.
His major activities
Chandrashekhar Azad was involved in the Train Robbery in Kakori in the year 1926 which was the effort to blow up the train viceroy was travelling. In 1928, he was also involved in the assassination of Saunders at Lahore to take revenge of the assassination of Lala Lajpatrai.
The formation of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
Along with Rajguru and Bhagat Singh Sukhdev, he started and founded the “Hindustan Socialist Republican Association” (HRSA). They had totally dedicated their lives for the nation’s independence and for the better progress and future of India. He was a terror to the British police and he was in their hit list. The British police wanted to capture him badly either dead or alive.
He died at Alfred Park in Allahabad on 27th February, 1931. This incident happened when he went to meet his revolutionary colleague, Sukhdev Raj in the city and Azad fired upon the armed police when he faced them. He got wounded when he killed three policemen which made it possible for Sukhdev Raj to escape.
After a long time of the decisive gun battle, holding true to his pledge to never to be captured alive, he shot himself dead with his last bullet. His body was sent to Rasulabad Ghat for cremation without any information to the public and when the news came out, everyone surrounded the park where this incident has taken place and recited slogans against the British rule and praised Azad.