Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, (12 December 1880-17 November 1976) was a famous political figure and Muslim leader in British India, Pakistan and later in Bangladesh. He promoted nationalism in Bengal, Assam and Bangladesh using mass civil disobedience and non-violence techniques. Bhashani was elected to Bengal, East Bengal, and Assam assemblies but he never shown his interest in these government positions.
Some of his Bangladeshi admirers regarded him as the supporter of non-communal, anti imperialist and left leaning politics. He was the participant of several Movements; they are Khilafat Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Pakistan Movement, Bengali Language Movement, Bangladeshi Liberation War and Farakka Long March.
The very first movement, that is; Khilafat Movement was a protest against British government to protect Ottoman Empire. He devoted his maximum life in political issues and students of political history study him through British colonial India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. He was expanded an an emerging figure of leadership among Bengali Muslims and peasants.
Personal life of Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani
Bhashnani was born in 1880 in Dhangara village within a Bengali province in British India. He received his early education in Madrasa. Then, for further education he shifted to Tangail when he was 12. Tangail is 60 km away from Dhaka (Capital of Bangladesh). He completed his education in Tangail and become Maulana or Muslim Religious Mentor. Then, he enrolled in the intellectual seat of militant Islam in British India; an Islamic Center in United province.
Bhashani was first introduced to politics in 1917 when he joined Nationalist Party. Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das was the leader of this party. Later, in 1919 he joined Indian National Congress. Mohammad Ali inspired him in joining the party and then in 1920 Bhashani was arrested and jailed. After being released from the jail, he started participated in movements which were purposed against British government. Khilafat Movement was the very first movement that he joined and then it was Non-Cooperation Movement. It was against British imperialism. During his political span, Bhashani imprisoned several times. He devoted his entire life to Pakistan Movement.
Farakka Long March
Farakka Long March, it was led by Bhashani in May 1976. It is a very famous March against India. Its motto was distributing Ganges’s water in Bangladesh. This March was commenced on 16th march and that is why; 16th March observed as a Historic Farakka Long March Day in Bangladesh. This March was supported by Bangladeshi government and in order to join it, thousands of individuals gathered at Madrash Maidan in Rajshahi. These individuals walked over hundred kms on foot for few days and ended up at Kansat (near India-Bangladesh border).
Books on Bhashani and movements he participated
“March Movement of Bangladesh: Bengali Struggle for Political Power,” Indian Journal of Political Science (September 1972), Sirajul Hossain Khan, “Champion of Exploited,”Holiday (November 21, 1976) and Leadership in the Least Developed Nation: Bangladesh (1983); these are several books written on him and his movements. He died on November 17, 1976. He died in Dhaka at the age of 96 and it was a sad moment for Bengalis.