Surendranath Banerjee (November 10, 1848 – August 6, 1925) was a Kolkata born individual who later become an Indian Political leader during British Rule. He was a founder of Indian National Association. This was one of the initial political organizations in India. He was also appointed as the senior leader of Indian National Congress.
Surendranath Banerjee was born in a Brahmin Family. His father, Durga Charan Banerjee was a doctor. Durga Charan had a progressive thinking and Banerjee was deeply influenced by him. He was educated at Parental Academic Institution and then at Hindi College. Then, his main focus was to crack Indian Civil Services and in order to compete it, in 1868 he travelled to England. He succeeded in clearing the exam and become the second candidate who passed the exam. He was appointed assistant magistrate in his homeland, Sylhet. But, due to racial discrimination he was dismissed from this job and he decided to protest against it. He went to England but all his efforts were useless. He started studying works of liberal philosophers, especially Edmund Burke. These studies influenced his thinking to the extreme and guided him in protesting against British. Later, Surendranath Banerjee was also given the name Indian Burke.
In 1875, he returned to India and became an English professor at Metropolitan Institution, and the Free Church Institution. Then, in 1882 he found the Ripon College and started lecturing there. He started delivering public speeches and his major subjects were Liberal and Nationalist Political. He was also interested in speaking about Indian History. On July 26, 1876, he founded Indian National Association in collaboration with Anandamohan Bose.
Newspaper and protest
This organization was a remedial solution for providing age issue relaxation to Indian students who are appearing in ICS examinations. He also founded the newspaper, The Bengalee in 1879. After 4 years, in 1883 he published some remarks in his news paper and was arrested which raised protests all across Bengal. Further, these protests rose in some Indian Cities like Agra, Amritsar, Lahore, Pune and Faizabad. INA was expanding faster than ever before and plenty of delegates all over the country came to join. INA organized an annual conference in Kolkata all these delegates attended it.
In 1885, Surendranath Banerjee founded Indian National Congress in Bombay and he merged it with INA and took his major objectives to go beyond. On his way of achieving this task, he was also elected two times as the Congress president. First it was in 1985 at Poona and then at Ahmadabad in 1902. He was one of the main protestors in Bengal Partition protest in 1905 and proved to be one of the most influencing public leaders in India. As an Indian Pioneer Leader, Surendranath Banerjee is remembered worldwide and respected today. ‘A Nation in the Making’, he published it and was acclaimed widely. The Britishers respected him a lot and during his later years they proudly called him Surrender Not Banerjee. He was died on August 6, 1925, at Barrackpore.