Sucheta Kripalani was one of the greatest women freedom fighter who have lived in the country. She was the first women Chief Minister of a state in India, Uttar Pradesh. She was an active member in the Indian Freedom Movement. She has contributed immense in fighting for the freedom of Indian. She was a very good parliamentarian and was very articulate in the Lok Sabha debates.
Life of Sucheta Kriplani
Sucheta Kriplani was born in the year 1908 in Ambala. Born to a Bengali family she was a daughter of S. N. Majumdar who was a government doctor and nationalist. She completed her education from Indraprastha College and St. Stephen’s College in Delhi. After completing her studies she worked as a lecturer in Banaras Hindu University.
She got married to a activist and socialist Acharya Kriplani in 1936 and her political life started after her marriage. She then became involved in Indian National Congress.
Sucheta Kriplani was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and she joined the Kasturba Gandhi Memorial Trust in the year 1946 as Organizing Secretary. She was an active member and came in forefront during the Quit India Movement and the partition riots. She also got elected to the Constituent Assembly and sang the national song in the Independence session of Constituent Assembly. She even worked for atrocities and became a real mother of them.
She was elected in the Lok Sabha in the year 1952 to 1957. She also was a minister of state for small scale industries. In 1962 Sucheta was elected to the U.P Assembly.
First Woman Chief Minister in India
Being the first woman to be the Chief Minister of India she served from 1963 to 1967. She was known for being a firm administrator. Sucheta Kriplani in her tenure was marked as a fair and transparent person. The first ever strike by the state employees which went on for 62 days took place in her regime.
When Dada Kriplani resigned as Congress president due to the differences with Jawaharlal Nehru, Sucheta Kriplani joined the Congress after the split in the Congress in 1969. She took an active part in the student movement which started in the year 1974. Since Sucheta and her husband were from different parties still they were very professional. She always was with her husband taking care of his health and making him comfortable in his movements.
Death of Sucheta Kriplani
She was always careless about her health as she was so immensely involved in politics and social activities. She had met with a serious accident in Simla Hills. After that she got two heart attacks in which she made complete recovery.
With great devotion she took care of her sick husband and never bothered about her cardiac problems. She died of massive heart attack. It was so severe that she had to be shifted to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences. She passed away on 1st December, 1974 following a massive coronary attack.