Bhagat Singh is the young revolutionary who raised an armed resistance against the British rule in India. He was brought up in a politically charged state of Punjab which left an incensed memory of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre. He was so touched by the incident that he went there and collected soil from the park of Jalianwala Bagh in his lunch box when he was fourteen years old. He became a legendary and renowned hero for the masses and a symbol of bravery and courage to free India.
His early life and career
Bhagat Singh was born on 27th September, 1907. He was born in a Sikh family of farmers in Banga Village of Layalpur district. His entire family stood for patriotism, freedom and reforms of the country. His father and uncle, Kishen Singh and Ajith Singh respectively were part of the Ghadar Party founded in US for rooting out the British rule from India. His father and his uncle were jailed for alleged anti-British activities.
He studied at the National College and he ran away from his home and became a member of the Youth organization for avoiding marriage. He met B.K. Butt, Chandra Sekhar Sharam and other revolutionaries and started to print handouts and newspapers in secret and spread political awareness in India through Punjabi, English and Urdu languages. These activities were actually banned in India during that time and are punishable with imprisonment.
The spread of Anti-British feelings
Restlessness was spreading all over India while the British government appointed a Commission was set up in the year 1928 under the leadership of Sir John Simon for reporting on political happenings. Since there was no single Indian member in the Commission, the political parties decided to boycott the Commission when it visited the major cities of India.
His protest against the Commission
Lala Lajpatrai along with Madan Mohan Malavia planned to show their disapproval this commission where Lala Lajpatrai was beaten severely to death by Scoot. Bhagat Singh was the eye-witness to this melancholic scene vowed to take revenge and planned to kill Scoot. However he killed a junior officer, Saunders, and fled from Lahore to get away from imprisonment.
However, The British government had taken even more brutal measures and under the Defense of India Act more power was given to the police. This act was passed to arrest all the Indian leaders who are conflicting against indiscriminate action. Bhagat Singh undertook to throw a bomb in the central assembly hall where the meeting was held for passing the ordinance. This was a laid-out plan not causing death or injury but to draw the attention of the government that the government’s ways of suppression could not be tolerated. Along with Dutt, Bhagat Singh threw bombs in the passageway shouting slogans against The British rule “Inquilab Zindabad” which means “Long live, Revolution” and were arrested after shouting slogans.
Death of Bhagat Singh
While in prison, Singh wanted to be shot like soldier and wrote a letter to Lord Irwin but his plea was rejected and was hanged on 23rd March, 1931.