Bhikaji Cama was a prominent figure in the Indian Independence. She was exceptionally good and was well respected among many Maharanis during her time. She was the person who had fought for the independence of India in her own ways till the last also helped many revolutionaries with money and materials across the sea. She played a very important role in the early years in the freedom struggle. She was a lady of indomitable confidence and patriotic feeling for motherland, India.
Life of Bhikaji Cama
She was born on 24th September, 1861 to a rich Parsi family in Bombay. Her father Sorabji was a lawyer by training and merchant by profession and was very influential and popular in the Parsi community. Her mother was Jayji. She completed her schooling in Mumbai and was fluent in four languages English, Gujarathi, Hindi and Marathi. As a child she was a rebel and a nationalist.
She wedded Rustom K. R. Cama who was a social worker and a lawyer. Her married life dint work well as her husband and she had different views. Bhikaji Cama then dedicated herself to social work.
Bhikaji Cama served as a private secretary to Dadabhai Navaroji, who was a great leader in the national movement. She later got attached with Savarkar who realized at that time that our nation does not have an independent flag for unfurling in the “International Socialist Conference”
The Tricolor Flag
Bhikaji Cama and Bhanumatiji, the wife of Shri Shamji Krishna Varma stitched the flag which has three colors and the flag was stitched using rich satin and silk cloth of the same three colors. Three flags were been made in which one Madam Cama carried it hiding it in her blouse.
Meaning of Colors and Symbols of the flag
Madam Cama unfurled the flag on August 21, 1907. She explained and described the meaning of each color on the flag, symbol on the flag and what the color stands for. The top stripe was of green color and the eight provinces of India those days were represented by eight lotus flower. The bottom red stripe with the Sun and Moon signifies that India will remain free and independent until the sun and moon would shine in the skies. The Green color indicates spirit and courage. The saffron color was an indication of victory and the red color displayed strength.
Release of Veer Savarkar
The government kept it confidential about the whereabouts of Veer Savarkar still Madam Cama and her colleagues got the information that Savarkar would be taken to India in the Morea ship. She felt sad after hearing the incident of Savarkar’s historical dive in the water. She sent the news to the newspaper ‘Le Temps’ in Paris where the news of illegal arrest spread like fire.
Death of Madam Cama
Her health was deteriorating due to negligence. She wished to come to motherland and after 34 years she was granted permission to return back to India. She came to Mumbai but could not live much and died in the year 1936.