Lal Bahadur Shastri is a man of great courage and will who stood the test of time with trustworthiness, conviction and clarity. He was the pioneer of the Indian National Congress party and the second Prime Minister of India. He was the man who headed his life with utmost straightforwardness and simplicity and was an extraordinary wellspring of spark for all the compatriots. There was an instance when he resigned from his post as Railways and Transport cabinet minister which was not a political move but an honest response of accepting the constitutional and moral accountability for the railway accidents that occurred. Such was his passion and fervor for serving his country.
His early life and career
He was born on October 2nd to Sharada Prasad Srivastava and Ramdulari Devi in Uttar Pradesh. He had his education at East Central Railway Inter College and pursued his graduation with first-class degree from the Kashi Vidyapeeth. He was given the title “Shastri” which means scholar which stuck as a part of his name.
He had a huge impact on Indian patriot pioneers including Gandhi and Tilak. He was married to Lalita Devi in the year 1928 and the couple had six children.
The Indo-Pak War Of 1965
After the demise of Jawaharlal Nehru in the year 1964, he became his successor. He played an immense role in the Indo-Pak War when Pakistan claimed a large portion of the Kutch promontory, the Pakistani armed force engaged in a battle with Indian forces in August, 1965.
Though Pakistan obtained a place in the Kutch peninsula, there were major intentions for it to invade Kashmir. The point when outfitted infiltrators from Pakistan started entering the State of Jammu and Kashmir, Shastri made it clear to Pakistan that forces will absolutely met with forces. The war ended on September 17th, 1965 during when India had a devastating defeat on Pakistan.
His role in the Civil Disobedience Movement
Lal Bahadur Shastri actively participated in the Civil Disobedience Movemnet that was started by Gandhiji in 1930 and swayed people not to pay taxes and land revenue to the government. He was captured and put in prison for more than two years. While in prison, Shastriji got acquainted with the works of different rationalists, revolutionaries and social reformers.
He had actively taken part in “Individual Satyagraha” which was launched by the Congress for demanding freedom to the nation and also actively participated in the Quit India Movement of Gandhiji.
Role as the Second Prime Minister
He was elected as the Prime Minister of India during a challenging time when the nation was confronting food shortage. He effectively tackled the food problem by pushing “Green Revolution” in the country and played a key role in the Indo-Pak war. He motivated the soldiers and farmers to mobilize support of the country during the war and created the slogan, “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” which translates to “hail the soldier and hail the farmer”.
PM Shastri passed on in Tashkent, the day following marking the Tashkent Declaration, allegedly because of a heart attack; however individuals believe conspiracy (secret plan) behind his death.