Lala Lajpat Rai or Lalaji was a great freedom fighter who fought for India against the British. He is also prevalently known as Punjab Kesari (“Sher-E-Punjab”) which translates to Lion of the Punjab and was also associated with the activities of Punjab National Bank. He was an Indian Punjabi author and a freedom fighter who fought against the British for the nations independence. His death anniversary is celebrated as ‘Martyrs Day’.
Life of Lala Lajpat Rai
He was born in Jagaron town in Ludhiana on 28th January 1865. His parents were father, Munshi Radha Krishna Azad was an Aggarwal Bania in caste. His and mother was Gulab Devi, he was their eldest son. His initial education was in Government Higher Secondary School, Rewari where his father was a Urdu teacher. He was influenced with Hinduism and while studying law in Lahore, he continued his belief in Hinduism. He completed his graduation from National College.
In the year 1877 he was married to Radha Devi and had three children two sons, Amrit Rai, Pyare Lal and one daughter Parvati. He was also among the three most well-known Hindu Nationalist members of the INC (Indian National Congress).
Indian National Congress
Lala Lajpat Rai was elected as the Congress President in the year 1920. He was a part of Trio – Pal (Bipib Chandra Pal), Bal (Bal Gangadhar Tilak) and Lal. Lalaji had actively fought against the British for the partition of Bengal. He was the person who along with the other members participated in the vigorous campaign of Swadeshi.
Lala Lajpat Rai was a devotee of Arya Samaj and was editor of Arya Gazette which he set up during his student time.
Lala Lajpat Rai had also guided the Punjab protests which was against the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre and the Non cooperation Movement. He was been arrested several time by the Britishers. He disagreed with the Gandhiji’s suspension of Non cooperation movement and formed the Congress Independence Party which has a pro hindu slant.
In 1929, during the Simon commission there were no Indian members which led to anger among Indians. When the commission was introduced in India there were protest all over India in which the mass showed their anger regarding the Simon commission and no Indian involvement in it. In this protest Lalal Lajpat Rai himself led one such procession.
Books written by Lala Lajpat Rai
He was a very good author and the books written by him includes various books including his own biography and struggle during Indian Independence. The names of certain books are The Story of my Deportation (1908), Arya Samaj (1915), The United States of America : A Hindu’s Impression (1916), Unhappy India (1928).
Death of Lala Lajpat Rai
He was made the targer of brutal lathi charge in which he was injured. He was the person who sustained severe injuries by the police during a non violent protest against the Simon commission and died three weeks later after the incident on the date of 17th November. 1928.