Sarojini Naidu’s name is at the top position of all the women famous women name of India who was a child prodigy and an India political leader. She was an Indian independence poet and activist and the second Indian woman for becoming the President of Indian National Congress. She was the first woman for becoming the Governor of Uttar Pradesh and she was also a great politician, orator, administrator and a patriot.
She is popularly known by the sobriquet “The Nightingale of India” because of her poetry which is very lyrical and musical and also because of the beautiful words of her poetry. Being one of the most renowned heroines of the 20th century, her birthday is celebrated as “Women’s Day“
Early life of Sarojini Naidu
She was born as Sarojini Chattopadhyay on 13 February, 1879 to Aghore Nath Chattopadhyay and Barada Sundari Debi in Hyderabad. Her father found and administered the Hyderabad College and her mother was a poetess who writes poetry in Bengali. She was eldest among the eight siblings and she passed her matriculation examination from the University of Madras. In 1895, the Nizam scholarship Trust provided her the opportunity to study at King’s College London in England and later on at Girton College in Cambridge.
She got married at the age of 19 to a doctor, Govindarajulu Naidu after completing her studies.
Her major works
The majority of her contributions were in the field of poetry. Her poetry had attractive and beautiful words which could also be sung. Her collection of poems was published in 1905 in the name golden threshold and she was given the recognition as “Bul Bule Hind”. She also published two more collections of poems namely The Broken Wings and The Bird of Time. A treasury of her poems namely Feast of Youth, Magic Tree, The Wizard Mask and many more poems were later on published. She had thousands of admirers for her work and the noteworthy ones include Rabindranath Tagore, Mahashree Arvind and Jawaharlal Nehru.
Her entry into politics
Shree Gopa; Krishna Gokhale influenced Sarojini Naidu to use her poetic skills and powerful lyrics to revitalize the spirit of Indians towards attaining independence. This was how she had started her political journey and supported and fought for an independent India.
Her meeting with Mahatma
After she has met Mahatma Gandhi in 1916, she completely aimed to fight for the freedom of the nation. Sarojini Naidu was solely responsible for awakening the women of India and brought them out of their kitchen. She traveled from state to state, city to city and fought for the rights of the women which made her reinstate her self-esteem among the women of India.
When Gandhiji was arrested for a protest in 1930, she took the helms of his movement. In 1931 along with Pundit Malaviyaji and Gandhiji took part in the Round Table Summit 1931. During the “Quit India” she was arrested in the year 1942 and stayed in jail for 21 months along with Gandhiji.
After independence she became the Governor of Uttar Pradesh and Sarojini Naidu died of a heart attack while working in her office in Lucknow on March 2, 1949.